Merchant Marine have to be creative with their searching, as the records aren't as plentiful as they are for the U.S. Army, Navy, Marines, Air Force or Coast Guard. Overview. Other records pertain to medals and other citations, court martials, and miscellaneous records. Thank you. Instructions and an online form can be found on their website: How to submit an ATIP request to Veterans Affairs Canada. You can hear more about Merchant Marine records in Genealogy Gems Premium  Podcast Episode #159. Here are six excellent places to look. The records for your sailor during the war can be located at several different locations.”. (FHL book 942.1/L1 A3pa no. They suffered the highest per capita casualty rate in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, with one mariner out of every 26 lost. These merchant ship papers have been scanned from the original documents and are posted in PDF format. Cargo, mail, and passenger reports, 1918- 46 (957 ft.). I have some records for both and would love to learn more. The Archives will let you know the exact location.”. Due to the multifaceted nature of the Merchant Marine, we are very grateful to obtain this collection in order to provide clarity to their service," said Theresa Fitzgerald, “Along with this new series have come some new experiences. I wish all of you in search of your ancestors who crossed the bar good fortune in your genealogical pursuit. This collection of records, BT 395, lists the medals awarded to merchant seamen for their service in the Second World War (1939-1945), with the exception of the Arctic Star. The Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the Coast Guard, wasn’t founded until 15 years later, in 1790, to prevent smuggling. Before we jump into answering that questions, let’s learn more about Merchant Marines so we better understand where to search. circa 1942: A poster showing the role of the Merchant Marines in bringing supplies to soldiers abroad and … Textual Records: Annual reports of waterborne commerce of the United States, 1923-49. Mariners in “ocean-going service” during World War II have Veteran Status. Two valuable pamphlets on researching merchant marine records are: Records of the Registrar General of Shipping and Seamen. And that’s what happened during World War II. The Merchant Marine, motivated by their deep love of country and noted for valor, were mourned with the loss of 9,300 mariners killed at sea, 12,000 wounded, and 663 men and women taken prisoner. American privateers soon disrupted British shipping all along the Atlantic coast.”. Both my father and my uncle served in the USMM during WWII and long after. How to obtian a US WWII Merchant Marine Record? He says: “Although not considered to be a military arm of the United States, the Merchant Marines were an integral part of the war efforts in WWI and WWII and should be considered in genealogy. ). Our Military Minutes contributor, Michael Strauss, says that “On February 28, 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the transfer (Under Executive Order #9083) of all maritime agencies to the United States Coast Guard. Vicki writes: “I have a distant relative who was a Merchant Marine during WWII. Captain and crew of a new Liberty Ship SS Booker T. Washington just after it completed its maiden voyage to England. Able-bodied seaman Louis Bartz, 38, of Philadelphia, and Ralph Mazzucco, 23, and Joaquim R. Vrea, 39, both of New York, said the submarine torpedoed the tanker at 12:45 p. m. and that after the crew got off in lifeboats the enemy craft fired 17 shells into the sinking ship. A CASE TO SUPPORT American Merchant Marine Veterans Legislature H.R. 1. 178.9 Records of the Division of Research and Statistics 1918-49 . These records come from The National Archives' record series BT112, BT113, BT114, BT115, BT116, BT119 and BT120. Logs can name assignments for crew members, among other log entries of the day to day activities of the ship. Official Military Personnel Files (known as OMPFs) are maintained by the National Personnel Record Center in St. Louis, MO. The Merchant Marine actually served in a military capacity before the U.S. Navy OR the Coast Guard ever existed. He said that instead, he would go directly to the Records of the Merchant Marines. U.S. House Approves Bill to Recognize Merchant Mariners of WWII Allied merchant convoy south of Newfoundland, July 28, 1942 (USN) By The Maritime Executive 09-24-2019 04:43:54 Wh… (L-R) C. Lastic, Second Mate; T. J. Merchant Marine in World War II - A Little-Known Story. Here’s where I put my head together with Michael. It was known right from the beginning that Canada's merchant ships would have an important role to play in the war effort. World War II merchant ship movement records for Australia. Vicki’s question is this: Where do you think I would look for a death certificate? Application for Merchant Marine Veteran Status DD214. There was a Continental Navy in 1775, but it ended with the Revolutionary War. Well, in a beautiful expression of genealogy serendipity, a Genealogy Gems Premium Podcast listener has written in with a specific question about researching relatives in the Merchant Marines. Central Index Register (aka Fourth Register of Seamen), 1918-1941. During my research of the U.S. He liked that idea and said it’s worth the effort. The United States Merchant Marine provided the greatest sealift in history between the production army at home and the fighting forces scattered around the globe in World War II. Over 6,835 American Merchant Marine were killed and over 11,000 wounded. A search of Standard Oil tanker W. L. Steed “Burkholder” in Google Books leads to the book Ships of the Esso Fleet in World War II (Standard Oil Company, 1946). Merchant Marine suffered a higher casualty rate than any service branch. The men of the Armed Guard served primarily as gunners, signal men and radio … After World War II, merchant mariners sought through legislation to gain recognition as veterans. These document applicants who applied to be commissioned officers with the Merchant Marines, including men designated as Masters, Pilots, Engineers, or Vessel Operators. Do let us know what you find , COPYRIGHT © LISA LOUISE COOKE’S GENEALOGY GEMS -, United States Coast Guard, Record Group 26, United States Merchant Marine applications for the licensing of Officers, 1914-1949, Lists of Merchant Seamen Lost in WWI, 1914-1919, Podcast Episode #159. Individuals beginning a search of military records would be well served by first getting a general overview of the subject area. Where can you find Merchant Marine records for World War II? The page is in English. You will find Merchant Mariners collections at the National Archives cataloged under the records of the United States Coast Guard, Record Group 26. Vicki writes:“I have a distant relative who was a Merchant Marine during WWII. Alert: These pdf documents have been created from scanned images and accordingly are large in file size. The history behind this phrase:  a sandbar can be found at the entrance of many rivers and bays, and crossing the bar has come to mean leaving the safety of a harbor for the unknown. Making an afternoon time sight (NARA, Public Domain). Service Records for Army Transport Service. London, England: Public Record Office, 1983. Yes, joining World War II as the crewman on a merchant ship was more dangerous than joining as a Marine, and the Marines had it the worst of all the Department of Defense branches in the war, suffering 10 percent of all U.S. casualties despite being only 5 percent of the total force. February 8, 1943. If you know the name of the vessel that the Merchant Mariner served on, then try a search for the logbooks. He is Raymond R. Burkholder, able seaman. Contact the Archives to request this file. The article was on how to find military service records. (Subscription required.). At the end of the war, they received no government pensions or … Dad even managed to get his degree from Kings Point (USMM Academy) while serving during the war. No metho… Following is a newspaper article about the incident:”. U.S. Navy Armed Guard and U.S. Conventional history states that the war caught America largely off guard – in 1939, the US Army had only 190,000 soldiers, ranking it 17th in the world – but in fact, shrewd military planners had the foresight to plant the seeds of eventual victory long before war broke out in Europe. 5.) A reader named Steve endorsed that brief remark in the article’s comments section, and expressed a desire to hear more on the Merchant Marine. Raymond Ralph Burkholder was a Merchant Marine Able Seaman killed when his ship the Standard Oil tanker W. L. Steed was torpedoed by a German sub off … Over 2,199 Canadian Merchant Navy Seaman were killed in both World Wars. Unlike the armed forces, the merchant navy did not maintain consistent records of its recruits and casualties. World War II Young American Patriots, 1941-1945 World War II Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1945 World War II Japanese-American Internment Camp Documents, 1942-1946 WWII U.S. Navy Aircraft Carrier Muster Rolls, 1939-1949 U.S. WWII Military Personnel Missing In Action or Lost At Sea, 1941-1946. The men used the captured guns and ammunition from the ship to bring in additional British ships as prizes. You can find out whether a me… Even if you don’t have relatives who served in the Merchant Marine, keep reading because you may get some ideas about records to discover for other family members who may have served in the military in other capacities. Merchant seamen crewed the ships of the British Merchant Navy which kept the United Kingdom supplied with raw materials, arms, ammunition, fuel, food and all of the necessities of a nation at war throughout World War II — literally enabling the country to defend itself. To determine eligibility for a Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty, DD Form 214, or a Report of Casualty, DD Form 1300, customers will be directed to to. “You can also access the files by mailing in (Standard Form #180, downloadable here), and fill in the information requested about your Mariner. 178.10 Records of the San Francisco, CA, Field Office 1942-47 If your Merchant Mariner was killed during World War II, request the Individual Deceased Personnel File (IDPF). The contents of the records vary, but they usually include name, age, place of birth, register ticket, ship names, and dates of voyages. Vessel utilization reports, 1946-48. United States Merchant Marine applications for the licensing of Officers, 1914-1949 is available on Ancestry.com. The National Archives at St. Louis does not provide information for benefits or separation documents, such as DD-214s, for these records. I suggested checking the death certificates of the county of his last residence, which may now be held at the state level. The National Maritime Center website has links to records, forms, and general info. "The World's largest shipping company" When Germany invaded Norway on April 9-1940, the Norwegian ships that were in allied waters at the time were requisitioned by Royal Norwegian Government, which early on in the war managed to escape to the U.K. (the King was evacuated on June 7). Excellent resources in this regard include the \"Frequently Asked Questions\" publication prepared by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). My Grand-Uncle was in the US Merchant Marines during WWII. Last night the third naval district reported that a South American steamship sighted a lifeboat containing a number of bodies off the Atlantic coast yesterday, but was forced to flee when a submarine popped up in the vicinity.”. The U.S. Navy Armed Guard was a service branch of the United States Navy that was responsible for defending U.S. and Allied merchant ships from attack by enemy aircraft, submarines and surface ships during World War II. People researching members of the U.S. Note that the service record is likely to be under the heading of the United States Coast Guard when filling out the form—check that box. Norwegian Merchant Ships in WW II. To Request WWII Marine Personnel Records please click here: Request a WWII Marine Personnel File WWII Marine Corps military service records can provide genealogical researchers with countless resources for tracing the steps of an ancestor who served during the war. Request records with this downloadable form. The US Navy didn’t come into being until 1797. This is largely due to the nature of the service – most merchant mariners served on privately owned vessels commandeered by the state and sent to war in the national interest. 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