• Counter-terrorism unit diverting resources to threat • No specific intelligence of planned strike, sources say. It does not handle investigations or advance prosecutions. The FAP preceded a major left-wing urban guerrilla group called the Montoneros, a Marxist-Peronist group that harassed the government for the return of Juan Perón. Most of the regime’s leaders were subsequently protected by amnesty laws until such laws were finally repealed in 2003. Intelligence and media reports have also suggested that al-Qaeda has cooperated with Hezbollah in the TBA as part of a broader strategic alliance, despite stark differences in their respective Sunni- and Shiite-oriented ideologies. Hezbollah also receives financial support from fundraising networks throughout Argentina, which has a large Lebanese expatriate population. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get hired. Anti-terrorism versus counter-terrorism Edit. However, Argentina has been heavily criticized for its failure to bring anyone to justice for … In 2016, an Argentine citizen named César Raúl Rodríguez was sentenced to eight years in prison in Spain for allegedly being part of an al-Qaeda cell there, though he denied the accusations against him. Less than a week later, Nisman was found shot dead in his Buenos Aires apartment. (Sources: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Atlantic, Times of Israel, La Nación, Library of Congress, Telegraph, Times of Israel). On July 16, the Macri government of Argentina made history by becoming the first country in … Sources: Telegraph, New Yorker, New Yorker, La Nación, Guardian, BBC News, Associated Press, Reuters, New York Times), Argentina is a member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and the regional Financial Action Task Force of Latin America. The counterterrorism conversation in Latin America is changing. Argentina harbored up to 5,000 former Nazis––the most of any South American country––including Adolph Eichmann, who masterminded the network of Nazi extermination camps, and Gerhard Bohne, who was in charge of Hitler’s euthanasia program and subsequently worked as a technician in the Argentine military. Some were arrested and others were kept under surveillance. Vikram Dodd. (Sources: U.S. Department of State, U.S. Department of State), Argentina has a criminal code in place to prosecute terrorism, as well as police and intelligence units that work to combat terrorist activity in the country. The GEOF is a specialized police unit of the General Directorate of International Terrorism and Complex Crimes. Argentina also announced its intention to expand the authority of the UIF, and passed legislation allowing it to share information with additional law and security agencies. Two Argentine presidents have also been accused of cover-ups related to the 1994 AMIA bombing. If terrorism is part of a broader insurgency, counter-terrorism may employ counter-insurgency measures. Argentina also has a history of Islamic terrorism. American Foreign policy towards Argentina: - The United States has a positive bilateral relationship with Argentina based on many common strategic interests, including non-proliferation, counter narcotics, counter terrorism, the fight against human trafficking, and issues of regional stability, as well as the strength of commercial ties. Argentina’s Congress finally voted to repeal the amnesty laws in 2003, though they remained in place for two more years until the country’s Supreme Court ruled to repeal them in 2005. However, Menem, who is of Syrian descent, allegedly ordered Galeano to cease investigations into a suspect Syrian-Argentine individual with ties to Menem’s own family. The ultra-nationalist urban guerrilla Nationalist Revolutionary Tacuara Movement (Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionaria Tacuara, MNRT) emerged in 1962 and was linked to the more conservative elements of the Peronist movement. To date, Argentina has failed to bring anyone to justice for either attack, and two of Argentina’s presidents have been accused of engaging in cover-ups related to the 1994 bombing. In July 2018, Dr. Casal issued a Resolution creating the Counter- Terrorism Secretariat (SAIT, for its Spanish acronym) within the Argentinean Federal Prosecutor’s Office. However, Argentina has so far failed to prosecute anyone for involvement in either attack, and the investigations into both officially remain unresolved. A radical right-wing death squad, the Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance (AAA), emerged between 1973 and 1975. It is also used for VIP protection and hostage rescue situations. Countering Terrorism Terrorist groups such as ISIS, al-Qa’ida, and Hizballah continue to plot attacks against the United States and our allies and partners. The MNRT was strongly anti-Semitic and launched attacks against Jewish targets in Buenos Aires until it was ultimately dismantled in the mid-1960s. For instance, businesses have security plans and sometimes share commercial data with the government. The unit prevents terrorists and other criminals from exploiting the nation's immigration system through fraud. When Juan Perón returned to Argentina from exile in 1973, right-wing Peronists opened fire on left-wing Peronists awaiting his return at Argentina’s Ezeiza International Airport. See salaries, compare reviews, easily apply, and get hired. Counter-terrorism refers to offensive strategies intended to prevent, deter, preempt, and respond to terrorism." In 1998, then-director of the FBI Louis Freeh referred to the TBA as a “free zone for significant criminal activity, including people who are organized to commit acts of terrorism.” In a July 2003 report updated in 2010, the Library of Congress stated that Islamist groups operating in the TBA included Hezbollah, al-Qaeda, and Hamas. However, institutional corruption and inadequate funding and resources have hindered the Command’s efforts to combat illicit activity in the TBA. In the 1990s, two major terrorist attacks occurred in Buenos Aires, which together caused 115 deaths and left at least 555 injured. Its numbers will undoubtedly grow in the near future. Another group called the Nucleus of Conspirators for the Extension of Chaos claimed responsibility for a December 2011 bombing that occurred near the Argentine Ministry of Security that damaged cars and buildings but caused no casualties. At the same time, the group also aimed to win public favor by distributing stolen goods such as food, milk, and children’s toys to the poor. The Counter Terrorism and Security (CTS) Division provides innovative science and technology solutions to support counter terrorism and security operations for the Ministry of Defence and other government departments. (Sources: Telegraph, La Nación, New York Times, New Yorker). Both attacks were linked to Hezbollah operatives based in the TBA, Iranian operatives in Argentina, and the Iranian regime itself, which was reportedly motivated in part by Argentina’s decision to suspend all nuclear cooperation with it in 1992 over reports that its nuclear program was not limited to peaceful purposes. Though the subsequent civilian government revoked the initial amnesty law, the military quickly pressured it to pass additional amnesty laws protecting the regime’s former leaders from prosecution. 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